Pacific Ring of Fire Expedition. Large amounts of biomass feeding on whiteflocculent mats on periphery of white smokers include vent shrimpand mussels showing that microorganisms are channeling energy upthe food chain.
Date: 2004 April
Credit: Pacific Ring of Fire 2004 Expedition. NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration; Dr. Bob Embley, NOAA PMEL, Chief Scientist
Location: Mariana Arc region, Western Pacific Ocean
Subject: Ocean exploration